November 1, 2017

Coriander Seeds: A complete Guide on Benefits, Cooking, Buying and Storing

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Coriander Seeds – A spice pantry must have

This is perhaps one of my most favorite spices of all. You may not think much of it when you smell it at first, but crush the seeds open and your nose will be filled with earthy freshness.

Most of us are familiar with coriander leaves or cilantro as known to some.  Coriander seeds come from coriander flowers. Small round brown crunchy seeds that taste completely different than fresh coriander leaves.

Coriander seeds are commonly used in Egyptian,  Latin American, Middle Eastern, and Indian cuisine.

Subtle, versatile with an unassuming flavour, these tiny gems are a treasure to keep.

In this post you will get to know:

  • The characteristic flavour profile of Coriander Seeds
  • How to use Coriander Seeds for cooking 
  • The Difference between Coriander Seeds and Coriander powder 
  • Benefits of Coriander Seeds
  • Where to Buy and How to store Coriander Seeds
  • The best spice substitute and combinations 
  • Recipes using Coriander Seeds

Other Names

English – Coriander seeds, whole coriander

Indian – Sabut Dhania

German – Koriandersamen

 French – graines de coriandre
Spanish – semillas de cilantro

Flavour Profile of Spice

Coriander seeds fall into the warm/ sweet spice category. Which means that it is a popular spice to use as a base ingredient to make spice mixes.

It has a very mild citrusy flavour. Like cumin seeds,  it has a very earthy aroma and rich in volatile oils that get released when roasted lightly on direct heat or in oil.

Coriander seeds can be used to make many dishes especially stews, soups, Indian curries, stir-fries,  and a base ingredient for making spice mixes and marinades.

The Uses of Coriander Seeds

Coriander seeds are used whole in many Indian dishes as the first step to add flavour to oil. Coriander seeds are tempered in warm oil at the very beginning of the cooking process.

Since it has a very mild flavour content, additional spices such as mustard seeds, cumin seeds, cinnamon are added to uplift some of the flavour.

It can also be crushed or broken and used to make spice rubs, marinades, and dressings and also as a pickling spice.

Read about 28 Essential Indian Spices and How to Use Them for Cooking. 

Coriander seeds - Benefits, cooking with coriander seeds and its use

Coriander Seeds VS Coriander Powder

While coriander seed is a whole spice, coriander powder is its grounded form.

Unlike the flavour difference between fresh coriander leaves and its dry counterparts, the flavour of whole coriander seeds and coriander powder is pretty nuanced.

The essential difference is the way they are used within the cooking process.

Like most whole spices, coriander seeds are used at the beginning of the cooking process or to make rubs and marinades.

Coriander powder can be added directly into the dish midway through the cooking process and incorporate the flavours into the dish.

Benefits of  Coriander Seeds 

Improves Skin HealthAccording to a study by California College of Ayurveda, Coriander seeds can help in diminishing skin ailments like eczema, itchy skin, rashes and inflammation as they have antiseptic properties.

Helps cure cough and cold –  Coriander seeds are abundant in Vitamin C which is a powerful antioxidant. Boiling coriander seeds in water and drinking it helps elevate the symptoms.

Keeps cholesterol under check – Coriander seeds are said to contain a compound called coriandrin.  This compund controls the process of lipid digestion, as a result bringing down our cholesterol levels.

Aids Digestion – They are also good sources of fiber, phosphorus, and calcium. They help in the generation of digestive compounds and juices that facilitate the procedure of digestion.

Spice Buying Guide

Buy coriander seeds that are slightly golden brown in colour and in small packs if you do not intend to use them often.

Ensure that the packs or jars are tightly sealed.

Opt for buying whole coriander seeds instead of coriander powder and make your own coriander powder at home.

How to Store coriander Seeds

Coriander seeds should be kept in a tightly sealed glass container in a dark, dry place away from direct sunlight.

Well stored coriander seeds will keep its character and flavour for almost a year.

Best Food and Spice matching

Cumin seeds are a very flexible spice and go well with any food item and mostly all spices.

Best food pairing: beans, cauliflower, chicken, curry, couscous, eggplant, fish, lamb, lentils, meat, peas, potatoes, rice, soups, stews

Best spice pairing: asafoetida,  bay leaves, cardamom, cinnamon,  cloves, cumin seeds, dry chilies, fennel seeds, mustard seeds

Spice Substitute for Cumin Seeds

The flavour of cumin seeds is very mild and subdued. One has the option of either omitting them from the recipe if you wish. However, the following spices can be used as an alternative to coriander seeds.

Caraway seeds, fennel seeds, cumin seeds, cumin powder, coriander powder

You may also like to read about the Best Spice Substitutes for Hard to Find Indian Spices 

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Your Views and Recipes 

Please do leave your comment if you think I may have missed out on something.

I love to hear your kitchen adventures so please share any recipes based on coriander seeds that you love.

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