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DOWNLOADABLE List Of Top 29 Best Indian Spices With Images

A convenient downloadable A-Z list of 29 Indian spices with images, purpose of use and their Indian names that are commonly used for cooking Indian food. 

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    How Many Spices Are Used In Indian Cooking?

    The different Indian spices used to make Indian food may be overwhelming and confusing for those new to cooking Indian food at home.

    An average Indian dish will include anything from 2 – 15 types of spices depending on the complexity of the recipe.

    Thankfully you do not need to have them all.

    There are some popular authentic Indian spices that is used to cook majority of Indian dishes. 

    If you wish to start with basic Indian spices for curry cooking then these 5 essential Indian spices is all you need.

    For those looking to expand their spice collection, this list of best Indian spices will serve as a helpful reference guide.

    The spice list describes each spice name in Hindi and the purpose of using them in food.  

    You can read more about how to cook with the spices, benefits, spice substitutes of each spice by clicking on the orange texts. 

    If you wish to get hands on practice on using spices for cooking and go above and beyond following recipes then join me in one of my interactive online Indian cooking class.

    Simply download the list of Indian spices by clicking on the button below and a printable pdf will be sent directly to your inbox.

    Although the types of spices used for cooking Indian food are many there are some standard spices in Indian curry that is commonly used across the sub continent for making different types of traditional Indian dishesBelow are the most common spices used for Indian food.

    Top 29 Most Popular Indian Spices List 

    NameImageDescription
    Asafoetida (Hing)
    Asafoedita-image- hing-image buy Indian spices online SpiceituppFlavouring agent for the dish.
    Bayleaves (Tej Patta)
    Aromatic ingredient for rice and other Indian dishes. Also used as part of spice blend.
    Black pepper (Kali Mirch)
    BLACK-PEPPER- sabut-kaali-mirch- image-indian -spiceTaste and flavouring agent especially south Indian preparation and to make spice blends.
    Black/Brown Cardamon (Moti Elaichi/Badi Elaichi/Kali Elaichi)
    Black Cardamoom pods buy online list of indian spicesAromatic and flavouring agent for many Indian dishes such as curries and rice.
    Carom Seeds
    carom seeds in a large sppon. post on what is carom seed and their use for health benefitsFlavouring and taste enhancing ingredient for different dishes. Especially used for fried savoury dishes and breads.
    Cassia/Cinnamon stick (Dalchini)
    how to use cinnamon stick in a bowlTaste and flavouring ingredient. Imparts sweet aroma .Used in different spice blends.
    Chaat Masala
    Indian-chaat-masala-image- buy indian spice online spiceituppTaste and flavour enhancer for various savoury street food style Indian dishes and snacks.
    Cloves (Laung)
    clovesEnhances flavours and taste. Popular ingredient used in numerous Indian spice blends.
    Coriander Seeds (Sabut Dhania)
    ganz Koriander coriander powder indian spice buy spices online switzerlandBase ingredient for different type of tadkas (tempering). Enhances taste and flavour. Used in spice blends.
    Cumin Seeds ( Sabut Jeera)
    Cumin seeds texture and tasteBase ingredient for different type of tadkas (tempering). Enhances flavour. Used in in base sauce and spice blends
    Curry Leaves
    Indian- fresh-curry -leaves-image buy indian spice online spiceituppAromatic herb used for tadkas (tempering) to enhance flavour. Popular in Western and South Indian cuisine.
    Dry Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
    what is kasuri methiDried herb used to enhance flavour and taste. Used in Punjabi or North Indian cuisine
    Fennel Seeds ( Sauf )
    fennel-seeds-whole-spiceitupp-buy-online-2Aromatic and flavour enhancer for dishes. An important spice in many spice blends.
    Fenugreek (Methi Dana)
    What are fenugreek seedsAromatic, nutty with a slight sweet bitter taste. It can be used to make curries, stir-fries, casseroles, and also as a pickling spice
    Garam Masala
    What is garam masala powderVery popular Indian spice blend made with different spices. Used in most Indian dishes.
    Green Cardamom ( Choti Elaichi)
    Taste and flavour enhancer for curries, pulaos, Biryanis and sweet dishes.
    Ground Coriander (Dhania powder)
    coriander - powder-ground-coriander-image buy indian spice online spiceitupp Indian spice listTaste and flavour enhancer for various dishes. Used in most Indian dishes for the main base sauce.
    Ground Cumin ( Jeera powder )
    Kreuzkuemmel-gemahlen-Cumin-cumin powder buy online switzerlandTaste and flavour enhancer for various dishes. Used in most Indian dishes for the main base sauce.
    Indian Five Spice ( Panch Phoron)
    panch phoron on a plateAromatic and flavour enhancer for dishes. Used for tempering in oil for making stir fries and curries
    Kashmiri Chillies (Kashmiri Mirch)
    Whole red chillies - Buy Spices online SwitzerlandHot spice to add heat to dishes. Large amounts also imparts a subtle red colour to the dish.
    Mace ( Javetri )
    Mace Indian spices List buy mace onlineAromatic spice used as a taste and flavouring agent. Used for making special regional dishes such as biriyani, dum alu etc.
    Mustard Seeds
    yellow, black and brown mustard seeds
    Nigella Seeds (Kalounji)
    Base ingredient for Tadkas (tempering). Flavour enhancer .Used snacks, breads and savoury dishes.
    Nutmeg (Jaiphal)
    nutmeg -whole-jaiphal-indian-spice buy indian spice online spiceituppIntense flavouring agent for speciality dishes. Commonly used in North Indian spice blends.
    Poppy Seeds
    white poppy seedsPoppy Seeds is good for health
    Saffron (Kesar)
    saffron-spice-image buy indian spice online spiceituppColouring and flavouring agent to speciality savoury dishes and desserts. Imparts an aroma and taste.
    Star Anise (Chakra Phool/Badiyan)
    star anise image buy indian spice online spiceituppAromatic and flavourful spice used in spice blends. Can be used in Pulaos and other special gravies.
    Tamarind (Imli)
    Taramind Indian spice for cooking buy tamarind paste onlineA sour taste and flavour enhancer mainly for gravy based dishes and chutneys.
    Turmeric (Haldi)
    Colour enhancer and Anti-Bacterial ingredient. Used in many spice blends.

    Other Useful Spice List

    Apart from this list of Indian spices or as they say in Hindi ‘Masala List’ there are other lists or spice charts that you may find useful to keep your spice drawer organised. 

    Here is a one glance shelf life of spices chart that recommends how long to keep spices for. 

    In case you have old spices refer to these tips to revive stale spices and how to store them properly. 

    For combining spices with other foods to make new meals, you can refer to the best spice combinations chart

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